Jean Tinguely [1925- 1991] a Swiss painter and sculptor. He is known for sculptural machines or kinetic art, and referred to as Metamechanics.
Tinguely was part of the New Realism [Nouveau Réalisme] movement begun by Pierre Restany. Other participants in this movement were: “Yves Klein, Arman, Martial Raysse, Pierre Restany, Daniel Spoerri, Jean Tinguely and the Ultra-Lettrists, Francois Dufrêne, Raymond Hains, Jacques de la Villeglé; in 1961 these were joined by César, Mimmo Rotella, then Niki de Saint Phalle and Gérard Deschamps. The artist Christo joined the group in 1963.”